Journal Publications

SBR Technologies’ employees have authored or co-authored many peer-reviewed journal publications. Following is a list of the most significant of these:

  1. “Composition and distribution of extracellular polymeric substances in aerobic flocs and granular sludge,” B.S. McSwain, R.L. Irvine, M. Hausner, and P.A. Wilderer, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71, 1051-1057 (2005).
  2. “Analysis of VX nerve agent hydrolysis products in wastewater effluents by ion chromatography with amperometric and conductivity detection,” H. Paio, R.B. Marx, S. Schneider, D.A. Irvine, and J. Staton, Journal of Chromatography, 1089, 65-71, (2005).
  3. “Combining SBR systems for chemical and biological treatment: the destruction of the nerve agent VX”. R.L. Irvine, S.S. Haraburda, and C. Galbis-Reig, Water Science & Technology, 50, 11-18 (2004).
  4. “The influence of settling time on the formation of aerobic granules,” B.S. McSwain, R.L. Irvine, and P.A. Wilderer, Water Science and Technology, 50, 195-202 (2004).
  5. “Aerobic biodegradation of 3-chlorophenol in a sequencing batch reactor: effect of cometabolism,” A. Chiavola, R. Baciocchi, R.L. Irvine, R. Gavasci, and P. Sirini, Water Science & Technology, 50, 235-242 (2004).
  6. “Investigations into the Vertical Distribution of PCDDs and Mineralogy in Three Ball Clay Cores from the United States Exhibiting the Natural Formation Pattern,” D. Gadomski,, M. Tysklind,, R.L. Irvine, P. Burns, R. Andersson,, Environmental Science and Technology 38, 4956-4963 (2004).
  7. “The effect of intermittent feeding on aerobic granule structure,” B.S. McSwain, R.L. Irvine, and P.A. Wilderer, Water Science and Technology, 49 (11-12), 19-25 (2004).
  8. “Biodegradation of 3-chlorophenol in a sequencing batch reactor,” A. Chiavola, B.S. McSwain, R.L. Irvine, M.R. Boni, and R. Baciocchi, Environmental Science and Health (Part A), 38 (10), 2113-2123 (2004).
  9. “Treatment of malthouse wastewater in a granular sludge SBR,” N. Schwarzenbeck, R. Erley, B.S. McSwain, P.A. Wilderer, and R.L. Irvine, Acta hydrochimica et hydrobiologica, 32 (1), 16-24 (2004).
  10. ” The Possible Role of Oxides and Elements in the Transformation of PCDDs in Ball Clay Exhibiting the ‘Natural Formation’ Pattern,” D. Gadomski,, M. Tysklind,, R.L. Irvine, R. Andersson, Organohalogen Compounds 66, 424-430 (2004).
  11. “Characterization of Organic Matter in US Ball Clay Exhibiting the ‘Natural Formation’ Profile utilizing Pyrolysis-GC/MS: Trends between PCDD Homologue Distributions and Specific Pyrolysis Products,” D. Gadomski, D.M. White, R.L. Irvine, M. Tysklind, Organohalogen Compounds 66, 1653-1658 (2004).
  12. “Vertical Distribution of PCDDs in a Clay Core from Kentucky, USA,” D. Gadomski,, M. Tysklind,, R.L. Irvine, P. Burns, R. Andersson, T. Talalas, Organohalogen Compounds 61, 357-360 (2003).
  13. “Bench-scale testing evaluates treatment system performance,” H.L. Frost, R.L. Irvine, and D.A. Irvine, Industrial WaterWorld, April 2003.
  14. “Bioreactor Troubleshooting:  Easily solved performance problems can be isolated through data collection and laboratory studies,” R.B. Marx, R.L. Irvine, and D. Irvine, Pollution Engineering, February 2002.
  15. “Natural Formation of Dioxins: A Review among Four Sites,” D. Gadomski, E. Golden, R.L. Irvine, J. Talley, L. Hundal, Organohalogen Compounds 59, 263-266 (2002).
  16. “Effect of Nitrogen Limitation on Performance of Toluene Degrading Biofilters,” W.M. Moe and R.L. Irvine, Water Research, 35 (6), 1407-1414 (2001).
  17. “An Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (EBPR) control strategy for Sequencing batch reactors (SBRs),” C.Y. Dassanayake and R.L. Irvine, Water Science & Technology, 43 (3), 183-189 (2001).
  18. “The Effect of Operating Conditions on the Performance of Soil Slurry-SBRs,” D.P. Cassidy and R.L. Irvine, Water Science & Technology, 43 (3), 223-230, (2001).
  19. “Periodic Biofilter Operation for Enhanced Performance During Unsteady-state Loading Conditions,” R. L. Irvine and W. M. Moe, Water Science & Technology, 43 (3), 231-239 (2001).
  20. “Intracellular Dynamics of Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) and Protein in Microorganisms from Periodically Operated Biofilters,” W.M. Moe and R.L. Irvine, Water Science & Technology, 43 (3), 241-248 (2001).
  21. “Treatment of a Synthetic Nylon Production Wastewater Under Denitrifying Conditions in an Anoxic Sequencing Batch Reactor,” Cassidy, D.P., Earley, J.P., Irvine, R.L., Environmental Progress, 19 (3), pp. 218-227 (2000).
  22. “Performance of Periodically Operated-Gas Phase Biofilters During Transient Loading Conditions,” W.M. Moe and R.L. Irvine, Water Science and Technology, 141 (4-5), pp. 441-444 (2000).
  23. “Heavy Metal Uptake in Durum Wheat from Application of Sewage Sludge and Commercial Fertilizer,” H.L. Frost, L.H. Ketchum, Jr. Advances in Environmental Research, March (2000).
  24. “Polyurethane Foam for Use in Biofiltration; Part I: Manufacture and Characterization,” W.M. Moe and R.L. Irvine, Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineering, 126 (9), pp. 815-825 (2000).
  25. “Polyurethane Foam for Use in Biofiltration; Part II: Operation and Performance of a Toluene-Degrading Biofilter,” W.M. Moe and R.L. Irvine, Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineering, 126 (9), pp. 826-832 (2000).
  26. “Use of Calcium Peroxide to Provide Oxygen for Contaminant Biodegradation in a Saturated Soil, D.P. Cassidy and R.L. Irvine, Journal of Hazardous Materials, B69, pp. 25-39 (1999).
  27. “Sequencing Batch Reactors: A Fresh Look,” D. Nolasco, D. Irvine, and M. Manoharan, Water Environment & Technology, September, 91-95 (1998).
  28. “The Use of Solid Peroxides to Stimulate Growth of Aerobic Microbes in Tundra,” D.M. White, C. R. Woolard, and R. L. Irvine, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 57, pp. 71-78 (1998).
  29. “Bioventing in Shallow Tundra Overlying Permafrost,” D.M. White and R. L. Irvine, Journal of Soil Contamination, American Society of Civil Engineering, 7, pp. 599-614 (1998).
  30. “Pyrolysis-GC/MS Analysis of Contaminated Soils in Alaska” D.M. White, H. Luong and R. L. Irvine, Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineering, 12, pp. 1-10 (1998).
  31. “Potential Applications for Pyrolysis-GC/MS in Bioremediation,” D.M. White and R. L. Irvine, Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 50, pp. 53-65 (1998).
  32. “Controlled Unsteady State Processes and Technologies – an Overview,” R.L. Irvine, P. A. Wilderer, and H.-C. Flemming, Water Science & Technology, 35, pp. 1-10 (1997).
  33. “Biodegradation of Sulfur Mustard Hydrolysate in the Sequencing Batch Reactor,” D.A. Irvine, J.P. Earley, D.P. Cassidy, and S.P. Harvey, Water Science and Technology, 35 (1): 67-74 (1997).
  34. “Reductive Dechlorination of Perchloroethylene using Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactors (AnSBBR),” P.J. Hirl and R.L. Irvine, Water Science & Technology, 35, pp. 49-56 (1997).
  35. “Biological Treatment of a Soil Contaminated with Diesel Fuel Using Periodically Operated Slurry and Solid Phase Reactors,” D.P. Cassidy and R.L. Irvine, Water Science & Technology , 35, pp. 185-192 (1997).
  36. “Oxygen Supplies for Bioremediation in Tundra Soils,” D.M. White and R. L. Irvine, Proceedings: 8th International Cold Regions Engineering Specialty Conference, American Society of Civil Engineering, pp. 339-350 (1996).
  37. “The Bituminous Material in Arctic Peat: Implications for Analyses of Petroleum Contamination,” D.M. White and R.L. Irvine, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 49, pp. 181-196 (1996).
  38. “Treatment of Hypersaline Wastewater in the Sequencing Batch Reactor,” C.R. Woolard and R.L. Irvine, Water Research, 29, 1159-1168 (1995).
  39. “Bioremediation of Water Contaminated with Jet Fuel-4 in a Modified Sequencing Batch Reactor,” P.S. Yocum, R.L. Irvine, and J. A. Bumpus, Water Environment Research, 67, 174 (1995).
  40. “Response of a Periodically Operated Halophilic Biofilm Reactor to Changes in Salt Concentration,” C. R. Woolard and R. L. Irvine, Water Science & Technology, 31, 41-50 (1995).
  41. “Method of Producing Extracellular Products from Aerobic Microorganisms,” R.L. Irvine and R. Venkatadri, U.S. Patent No. 5, 342, 765, August 30, 1994.
  42. “Biological Treatment of Hypersaline Wastewater by a Biofilm of Halophilic Bacteria,” C.R. Woolard and R.L. Irvine, Water Environment Research, 66, 230-235 (1994).
  43. “Adsorption and Desorption Studies in the Aqueous Phase for the Toluene/Granular Activated Carbon System,” D. Chatzopoulos, A. Varma and R. L. Irvine, Environmental Progress, 13, 21 (1994).
  44. “Activated Carbon Adsorption and Desorption of Toluene in the Aqueous Phase,” D. Chatzopoulos, A. Varma and R.L. Irvine, AIChE Journal, 39, 2027 (1993).
  45. “Periodic Processes for In Situ and On-Site Bioremediation of Leachates and Soils,” R.L. Irvine, P.S. Yocum, J.P. Earley and R. Chozick, Water Science & Technology, 27, 97-104 (1993).
  46. “Cultivation of Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Production of Lignin Peroxidase in Novel Biofilm Reactor Systems: Hollow Fiber Reactor and Silicone Membrane Reactor” R. Venkatadri and R.L. Irvine, Water Research, 27, 591 (1993).
  47. “Bioremediation of Soils Contaminated with Bis-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate (BEHP) in a Soil Slurry-Sequencing Batch Reactor,” R. L. Irvine, J.P. Earley, G.J. Kehrberger, and B.T. Delaney, Environmental Progress, 12, 39-44 (1993).
  48. “Treatment of a High Strength Mixed Phenolic Waste in an SBR,” Water Environment Research, A. Brenner, R. Chozick and R.L. Irvine, 64, 128 (1992).
  49. “Granular Activated Carbon – Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor (GAC-SBBR),” R.L. Irvine, L. H. Ketchum, Jr., P. A. Wilderer, and C. Montemagno, U.S. Patent No. 5, 126, 050, June 30, 1992.
  50. “Preliminary Studies on the Granular Activated Carbon – Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor,” R. Chozick and R. L. Irvine, Environmental Progress, 10, 282-289 (1991).
  51. “Effect of Agitation on Ligninase and Ligninase Production by Phanerochaete chrysosporium, R. Venkatadri and R.L. Irvine, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 56, 2684 (1990).
  52. “Characterization of Reactions Catalyzed by Manganese Peroxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium,” M.D. Aitken and R.L. Irvine, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 276, 405 (1990).
  53. “Treatability Studies for On-Site Biological Remediation of Soils and Leachates Contaminated by Coal Conversion Residuals and By-Products,” A. Brenner, R.L. Irvine, L.H. Ketchum, Jr., C.F. Kulpa, Jr. and J.P. Moreau, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 22, 377 (1989).
  54. “Stability Testing of Ligninase and Mn-Peroxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium,” M.D. Aitken and R.L. Irvine, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 34, 1251 (1989).
  55. “Oxidation of Phenolic Pollutants by a Lignin Degrading Enzyme from the White-Rot Fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium,” M.D. Aitken, R. Venkatadri and R.L. Irvine, Water Research, 23, 443 (1989).
  56. “Sequencing Batch Reactors for Biological Wastewater Treatment,” R.L. Irvine and L.H. Ketchum, Jr., Critical Reviews in Environmental Control, CRC Press, Inc., 18 (4), 255-294 (1988).
  57. “Environmental Engineering: New Challenges for the Future,” R.L. Irvine, Editorial for Environmental Progress, 7, F3 (1988).
  58. “An Analysis of the Full-Scale SBR at Grundy Center, Iowa,” R.L. Irvine, D.V.S. Murthy, M.L. Arora and J.A. Heidman, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 59, 132 (1987).
  59. “A Comparison of Biological and Chemical Phosphorus Removals in Continuous and Sequencing Batch Reactors,” L.H. Ketchum, Jr., R.L. Irvine, R.E. Breyfogle and J.F. Manning, Jr., Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 59, 13 (1987).
  60. “Biological Treatment of Hazardous Wastes in the SBR,” P.A. Herzbrun, R.L. Irvine, and K.C. Malinowski, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 57, 1163-1167 (1985).
  61. “An Organic Loading Study of Full-Scale Sequencing Batch Reactors,” R.L. Irvine, L.H. Ketchum, Jr., M.L. Arora and E.F. Barth, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 57, 847 – 853 (1985).
  62. “Growth and Control of Filamentous Microbes in Activated Sludge: An Integrated Hypothesis,” S.C. Chiesa and R.L. Irvine, Water Research, 19, 471 – 479 (1985).
  63. “Feast/Famine Growth Environments and Activated Sludge Population Selection,” S.C. Chiesa, R.L. Irvine and J.F. Manning, Jr., Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 27, 562 – 568 (1985).
  64. “Treatment of Obnoxious Chemical Wastes,” J.F. Colaruotolo, R.L. Irvine, L.H. Ketchum, Jr. and W.-C. Ying, U.S. Patent No. 4, 511, 657, April 16, 1985.
  65. “The Biological Removal of Phosphorus in a Sequencing Batch Reactor,” J.F. Manning, Jr. and R.L. Irvine, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 57, 87 (l985).
  66. “Nitrogen Removal in a Low Loaded Single Tank Sequencing Batch Reactor,” J.C. Palis and R.L. Irvine, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 57, 82 (1985).
  67. “Enhanced Biological Treatment of Leachates for Industrial Landfills,” R.L. Irvine, S.A. Sojka and J.F. Colaruotolo, Hazardous Waste, 1, 123 – 135 (1984).
  68. “Municipal Application of Sequencing Batch Treatment at Culver, Indiana,” R.L. Irvine, L.H. Ketchum, Jr., R. Breyfogle, and E.F. Barth, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 55, 484 – 488 (1983).
  69. “Fermentation Industry,” S.C. Chiesa, R.L. Irvine and J.F. Manning, Jr. Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 54, 695 (1982).
  70. “Intermittent Biological Waste Treatment Systems – Process Considerations,” M.S. Goronszy, D. Barnes, and R.L. Irvine, AIChE, Symposium Series, Volume on Water – 1980, 77, 129 (1981).
  71. “A Stoichiometric Model of Bacterial Growth,” R.W. Dennis and R.L. Irvine, Water Research, 15, 1363 (1981).
  72. “Fermentation Industry,” R.L. Irvine, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 53, 791 (1981).
  73. “Nitrification in the Sequencing Batch Biological Reactor,” J.E. Alleman and R.L. Irvine, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 52, 2747 (1980).
  74. “Storage-Induced Denitrification Using Sequencing Batch Reactor Operation,” J.E. Alleman and R.L. Irvine, Water Research, 14, 1483 (1980).
  75. “Stoichiometry and Kinetics of Biological Waste Treatment,” R.L. Irvine, J.E. Alleman, G. Miller and R.W. Dennis, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 52, 1997 (1980).
  76. “Fermentation Industry,” R.L. Irvine, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 52, 1333 (1980).
  77. “NPDES Impact on Solids Separation in Activated Sludge System Design and Operation,” A.W. Busch and R.L. Irvine, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 52, 804 (1980).
  78. “Nitrogen Removal from Wastewater Using Sequencing Batch Reactor Design,” J.E. Alleman and R.L. Irvine, AIChE, Symposium Series, Volume on Water – 1978, 75, 181 (1979).
  79. “Sequencing Batch Reactors to Meet Compliance,” L.H. Ketchum, Jr., R.L. Irvine and R.W. Dennis, AIChE, Symposium Series, Volume on Water – 1978, 75, 186 (1979).
  80. “Parameter Choice for Activated Sludge Process Control,” E.D. Schroeder and R.L. Irvine, Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, 105, 217 (1979).
  81. “Sequencing Batch Biological Reactors – An Overview,” R.L. Irvine and A.W. Busch, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 51, 235 – 243 (1979).
  82. “Sequencing Batch Treatment of Wastewaters in Rural Areas,” R.L. Irvine, G. Miller and A.S. Bhamrah, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 51, 244 (1979).
  83. “Effect of Fill to React Ratio on Sequencing Batch Biological Reactors,” R.W. Dennis and R.L. Irvine, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 51, 255 – 263 (1979).
  84. “First Cost Analysis of Sequencing Batch Biological Reactors,” L.H. Ketchum, Jr., R.L. Irvine and P.C. Liao, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 51, 288 (1979).
  85. “A Comparative Evaluation of Sequencing Batch Biological Reactors,” R.L. Irvine and R.O. Richter, Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, 104, 503 (1978).
  86. “Academic Research and Potential Users: Closing the Gap,” L.H. Ketchum, Jr. and R.L. Irvine, Journal of the American Society of Engineering Education, 68, 310 (1978).
  87. “Investigation of Fill and Batch Periods of Sequencing Batch Biological Reactors,” R.L. Irvine, T.P. Fox and R.O. Richter, Water Research, 11, 713 (1977).
  88. “Lake Treatment with Fly Ash, Lime, and Gypsum,” B.P.J. Higgins, S.C. Mohleji and R.L. Irvine, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 48, 2153 (1976).
  89. “Specific Removal Patterns in Activated Sludge System Design,” R.L. Irvine, R.T. Keegan, W.D. Langley and R.C. Catchings, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 45, 1771 (1973).
  90. “Kinetic Analysis of Data from Biological Systems,” R.L. Irvine and D.J. Schaezler, Journal of the Sanitary Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineering, 97, 409 (1971).
  91. “Water Conservation and Reuse by Industry,” Water and Wastes Engineering, R.L. Irvine and W.B. Davis, 7, A-17 (1970).
  92. “Biological Utilization of Polymers,” American Institute of Chemical Engineering Symposium Series – Volume on Water, R.L. Irvine, A.D. Elbein and A.W. Busch, 65, 177 (1969).
  93. “Factors Responsible for the Non-Biodegradability of Industrial Wastes”, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, R.L. Irvine and A.W. Busch, 41, R 482 (1969).
  94. “A New Technique for Measuring Oxygen Uptake Rates and Benthal Systems,” Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, N.B. Hanes and R.L. Irvine, 40, 223 (1968).